Africa is a vast continent which, including island groups, holds 53 different countries. Africa stretches from temperate areas in the north to those in the south, and is crossed by the equator. The continent is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Suez Canal.
The climate of Africa varies with areas of arid desert to rainforest, to savanna plains and glorious coastal areas. Africa offers numerous cultural experiences, with a diverse cultural history and a dramatic story of colonial occupation to nation state independence. Africa holds a diverse range of wildlife and flora, vibrant cities, and a stunning landscape.